The HomeSchool

Association of California


The California Health and Safety Code says that no student may be admitted to any public or private school for the first time, or admitted or advanced to 7th grade, unless that student is fully immunized for his or her age.


Homeschoolers Exemption
Pupils enrolled in home-based private schools and students enrolled in independent study programs who are not receiving classroom-based instruction are not subject to the mandatory vaccinations.

This means that most homeschoolers should be exempt from the immunization requirements.

(1) If you establish your own home-based private school and file a private school affidavit, your children are not subject to the immunization law.


(2) If your child is enrolled in a private school satellite program (PSP) which is home based, your child is not subject to the immunization law.


(3) If your child is enrolled in a pubic or charter independent study program, your child may or may not be subject to the immunization law, depending on whether or not enrollment includes classroom-based instruction. The definition of classroom-based instruction is not clear in the law and may therefore be interpreted differently by various entities such as health departments, public and charter school administrators, and state and county education departments. You may or may not find that your child's independent study program requires immunizations as a condition of enrollment.


Medical Reasons for Exemption

Although homeschoolers are, in general, be exempt from all immunizations, we include this information as it may be useful in case your child is enrolled in a hybrid program (home and classroom) or in case a previously homeschooled child goes to school.

If you believe your child should not receive particular immunizations for medical reasons, contact your doctor and obtain a doctor's written statement saying that the physical condition of the child is such, or medical circumstances relating to the child are such, that the immunization is not considered safe. The statement must indicate the specific nature and probably duration of the medical condition or circumstances, including, but not limited to, family medical history, for which the physician does not recommend immunization. Once this statement is signed by your doctor, your child will be exempted from the immunizations specifically identified on the medical waiver form. (H&S §120370).


Personal Beliefs or Religious Exemption
California no longer offers personal or religious exemptions to immunization requirements. However, some students may have their previous exemptions "grandfathered in." If a student received a personal beliefs exemption prior to January 1, 2016, that exemption is valid until the student enters the next grade span. An exemption obtained for day care, for example, is no longer valid when the student enters kindergarten (or first grade if the student did not attend kindergarten). An exemption obtained prior to 7th grade is no longer valid when the student enters 7th grade. An exemption obtained in 7th grade or thereafter is valid through 12th grade.
(Remember, personal beliefs exemptions are no longer available and these exemptions only apply if a student had a personal belief exemption prior to 1/1/2016.




Medical Records
Most families are given a yellow booklet by their doctors showing the immunizations administered to their child and the dates of administration. These yellow booklets are important and should be kept with a family's important papers. If you don't have such a booklet or think it might not be up to date, contact your doctor.


PM286 Form
The yellow immunization booklets are not given to schools to keep. Rather, schools are required by law to keep immunization records on a particular form, called the pm286; schools copy over the immunization records from the original yellow booklet to the form and return the original to the family. If your child is enrolled in a public or private school that is subject to the mandatory vaccinations, the school will use your records to fill out a California School Immunization Record.




Full Text of Health and Safety Codes
§§120325 - §§120480
California Health and Safety Codes §§120325 - §§120480 describe the immunization requirements for public and private schools in California.

CalEdFacts: Immunization and Health Checkup
California Department of Education's Information and Media Guide

Shots for Schools
California Department of Public Health, Immunization Branch
This website contains information about immunizations required for school entry in California

Senate Bill 277
This bill was signed into law by the governor. It amends Health and Safety Code §§120325, §§120335, §§120370, and §§12375; adds §§120338; repeals §§120365.


We recommend you maintain documentation of any vaccinations received, even if your children are exempt from the requirements. It is unlikely that anyone will ever want or be able to look at them, but it is possible that your local health department could ask to see them.


One could read the H&S §§121525 and 121545 to say that parents are required to have updated TB tests, because all employees and volunteers in private schools must have them. Since there is an argument that parents are neither "employees" nor "volunteers" in the strict meaning of the words, it is unknown whether a court would apply this requirement to parents. If you have taken the test, by all means include the results in your records, but if you have not, you should make your own decision as to whether you wish to do so. People whom you hire as employees or volunteers in your private school having regular and prolonged contact with children would need to have an updated TB certificate.



 

 

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